Illustration by Golden Cosmos

The decision about whether to reopen schools may determine children’s futures, the survival of teachers, and the economy’s ability to rebound; it pits the lives that will be lost if schools open against the long-term effects of learning loss if they don’t. Emily Oster, an economist at Brown University, reviews what we do and don’t know about the dangers of in-person classes. And we look at the struggle of Black Italians—the children of African immigrants—to change Italy’s laws and demand birthright citizenship.


Emily Oster on Whether and How to Reopen Schools

An economist at Brown University and coauthor of the COVID Explained Web site discusses the seemingly impossible trade-offs required by in-person classes.


Black Italians Fight to Be Italian

Children of African immigrants born in Italy may spend their whole lives there considered foreigners by the law. Some are fighting to change that.